TestosteroneTestosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TDS) is a clinical and biochemical syndrome associated to old age. This syndrome is produced by a gradual drop of testosterone levels, which affects the patient’s sexuality (decreased sex drive and morning erections, as well as decrease in quality and frequency). It can also affect the psychic sphere, with a tendency to depression, apathy, loss of self-confidence, fatigue and irascibility.

There has been an increase in the number of TDS diagnosed cases in the past years since it began to be treated as a disease. “TDS used to be little known, since culture matters used to prevent it from being identified. Many of its symptoms were considered a normal consequence of age, both by men and doctors, and not a pathology that could be treated”, explains Dr. José Rodríguez Tolrà, responsible for the Andrology Unit at Bellvitge University Hospital. This pathology affects 10% of male population over 40, although the number of patients is higher as men grow older. It is predicted that this figure will increase due to ageing of the population.

This illness has negative effects not only in the sexual and psychological fields, but it can also cause physical problems such as reduction of muscle mass, which results in loss of strength; increase in body fat, especially in the visceral area, and a reduction of bone density, which can turn into pathological fracture.

“Testosterone regulates body processes such as muscle growth, fat and insulin regulation, and the sexual function.

Disorders of testosterone levels have harmful effects, which can vary from discomfort that affects men’s quality of life to more severe pathologies such as diabetes mellitus type II or cardiovascular diseases”, says Dr. Rodríguez.

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